As far as i know,i don't have any intolerance to coffee, i did not have any bad reaction straight away after i drink it…
My daily dose of coffee was 1-2 small cups of coffee daily (mostly espresso) no milk, no sugar, no sweeteners, only grounded coffee &hot water... All this time my level of inflammation fluctuate quite a lot, depending on how much I was eating & paying attention to the borderline foods that normaly don’t create problems for me, such as: NS fruits, cooked broccoli, eggs etc.
Foods that seemed relatively safe: watermelons, cherries, pineapples, pistachios, hazelnuts, etc. became a problem and triggered pain and stiffness & i did not understand what i did wrong.... The more coffee i drank, the less diverse foods i could eat without problems ... I decided to gave up the cofee and after a few weeks/months the guts probably become more healtier and now i can eat the regular n.s. "safe" foods without the feear of a flare up….
So, If the goal is to heal your gut i will recomend you to stay away from coffee.... drink TEA instead
ps: there are quite a few websites that are drawing attention about coffee perpetuate the leaky gut sindome…https://goodbyeleakygut.com/coffee-leaky-gut/https://diyhealthblog.com/why-you-should-stop-drinking-coffee-what-to-drink-instead/https://carolinehgroth.com.au/gut-health-coffee/